Tuesday, June 28, 2011

“Conservation and sustainable management of Natural Resources 1997-98







DST PROJECT: “Conservation and sustainable management of Natural Resources by Tribal community for improving alternate living conditions”    1997-1998

Department of Science and Technology
     Ministry of Science and Technology
     Government of India.

Principal Investigator: Mr.Syed.Subhani

INTRODUCTION:

Podu cultivation and clearance of Forest growth for agriculture causes considerable damage to the forests and hampers forest management, besides giving low productivity.  Simple educational frequent and systematic audio-visual activity and development of infrastructure may go a long way in convincing the tribal’s on the evil effect of podu (zoom cultivation). The socio economic condition of the tribal has to be build up.  Hence, this project propose to develop available private land so that the production increases and pressure on forests will be reduced, apart from this the tribal family will get sufficient food grains for the whole year

Land Development:

           100 Acres of Chalaka Podu lands were developed i.e. destumping, bounding, leveling and
           soil & Moisture conservation works done to improve the productivity of the land. Provided
           6,514 man days to the beneficiaries of worth Rs.2,05,420/-.

*       Seeds Supply:

           Organized High yielding variety paddy seeds which are suitable to the area and rain fed
            agriculture. Introduced pulses like Black gram and Green gram.

*       Supplied agriculture implements to reducing the drudgery of work . Now the tribal farmers are using bund farmer, iron plough, crowbars, spades etc:.

*       Organized exposure trip to K.V.K. at BHAGAVATHULA CHARITABLE TRUST, YELAMANCHILI, Vishakaptanam district areas to have an exposure on wastelands development. Horticulture, contour bounding etc. 44 farmers from 6 villages has joined the one week program.

*       Organized Training Program for 59 farmers from 6villages with the help of Agriculture Department. Need of land development, S.M.C Works, forestry Management subjects were explained.

*       Organized Children Forest Management in two villages to motivate school children in Natural Resource Management.


DATE OF START:-April, 1997.                      TOTAL COST OF PROJECT:- Rs.3,82,000.00

Gully plugging in Dabbagudem village


OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT

v  Encouraging sustainable utilization of Natural Resources.

v  Finding out alternative employment potential.

v  Improvement in existing equipment and machinery and introduction of new techniques.

v  To promote research, development adoption of S & T for improving quality of life of scheduled tribes (KOYA) community.
     
METHODOLOGY:

       We have organized Grama Sabhas, Women thrift groups in these two villages were joined and priority was given to women members to select the beneficiaries. The women Thrift Members has chosen beneficiaries in the presence of grama sabha. They all agreed and beneficiaries themselves started work of land development. We have supplied Crowbars, spars, picas etc; to facilitate de-stumping and bunding of the Chalaka podu lands. With the help of Agriculture Department we have identified Gully, Nalas for soil and Moisture conservation works. We constructed Gully Plugs to regulate Nala erosion. Diversion drain to divert run off  and protect arable lands. We have motivated the people to follow the following procedure.

*       Deep ploughing along contours in summer to open hard soil and to facilitate increased percolation of infiltration of rain water.
*       Ploughing across slopes.
*       Timely sowing of seeds.
*       Adoption of relay cropping and intercropping techniques and appropriate crop rotation.
*       Timely sowing of seeds and drilling seeds and fertilizers in lines and rows.

           



We have organized to collect high yielding seeds which are suitable to area. We purchased from the plain area farmers and distributed among the members on loan basis. We propose to collect the seeds back to facilitate other villagers to adopt the system.

             We have organized an exposure trip with the help of Nongovernmental organizations Bhagavatula Charitable Trust (BCT), Yellamanchily, to have an experience of wasteland-Horticulture., contour bunding. Forestry Management, traditional systems of fertilizers making and pest control.

            We have been educating the school children to own the Natural Resources. We have identified degraded hill locks were forest growth is degraded. We procured the seeds of soap nut, Masturguard, Neem, Jackfruit and make the children to dibbling the seeds. We found 80% germination but sure of 30% survival. Children are very much interested and weekly once they visit the place to see the plants they planted.

Group Monitoring Workshop by DST 4th to 6th Dec, 1998 at AISECT (All India Society for Electronics and Computer Technology in Bhopal.

ACHIEVEMENTS:

  • 100 Acres of Land was developed for cultivation.
  • Increase of Paddy production 20%.
  • 100 Acres of land was treated for soil and Moisture conservation works.
  • Inspired the farmers to adopt systematic approach to Agriculture.
  • Reduced dudgery of work with (S&T) Agricultural implements supplied.
  • Podu cultivation (HILL) was almost discouraged.
  • Production of vegetables (New Varieties) in the area.
  • Initiation of children Forest Management in 2 villages.
Group Monitoring Workshop by DST  our presentation on 5th Dec, 1998 at AISECT (All India Society for Electronics and Computer Technology in Bhopal.

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SUGGESTIONS/REPLICATIONS:
             We suggest the following in addition to the project in view of self reliance of tribal community.

  • To reduce tribal family dependency on outside medicinal systems., herbal medicinal practices should be encouraged. Similarly strengthening traditional health practitioners is helps a lot. We have to build up the confidence among their own healing systems which are deprived by Allopathy medicines.
  • Now the tribal families are influenced by the “Tamato” culture. We should reduce this by encouraging kitchen gardens/backgard gardens by providing them with suitable vegetable seeds.

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