Friday, August 10, 2012

Rediscovering Finger Millet in tribal village by gifting Seeds (Desi) Kit.

I am happy to give the seeds of FINGER MILLET to rediscover in tribal village Gulletiwada where my childhood spent with my friends. I used to drink Raagi Malt prepared by her (Mrs. Sodi. Kannamma) in photo. She was  young and helping my mother in household works. My father was Forest Guard who lived in Head Quarter with family (mandate) in  1966-68.


Public Cooperation Initiative - Clothes sharing

 Clothes sharing in Gulletiwada village (collected in Chinturu while our Paper Collection)





Sunday, August 5, 2012

HONEY FLOWER



"What oil is to Gulf can be herbs for Indian economy"

MADHUCA INDICA (MAHUA): THE HONEY TREE

Madhuca indica is the botanical name of Madhuka tree which belongs to family Sapotaceae. In Sanskrit, the plant is known as Madhuka. Mahua (Hindi name) is a medium to large sized tree that grows throughout India in abundance. It is used for timber, flowers and fruits. It has several medicinal properties. This article deals with few common medicinal properties of this plant.


The Honey tree (English name) has many medicinal uses. Almost all parts of this tree are medicinally very important. Tribals in Central India worship this tree for its medicinal values and also for its relevance in their rituals. According to the local healers known as Bhumkas, flowers are used in the treatment of eye diseases. Bhumkas use various parts of the plant in their day to day treatment formulations. According to Chimmilal (Bhumka), flowers mixed with milk are useful in impotency and general debility.
Roasted leaves of the tree are mixed with sesame oil and applied on swelling and inflammation. Patients suffering from piles are supplemented with 12-15 drops of seed oil. It works as laxative. Bark decoction is good in diabetes. Topical application of seed oil is recommended for stiffness and arthritis. Seed oil provides soothing effect to the skin. A decoction of the bark can be given internally in rheumatic diseases. The leaves of Madhuka are effective in the treatment of eczema. Flowers are expectorants and used for curing bronchial asthma. Tribal healers, in Patalkot valley of Madhya Pradesh, prescribe dry flower for increasing milk in women. Seed oil cures skin problems too. In eczema, leaves are smeared with sesame oil and are used as a bandage on the affected region (Acharya and Shrivastava, 2008).
Madhuca indica flowers are known as energy rich material and used as animal as well as human feed. Flowers are used for making local wine. The distillation product of flowers gives a spirit which has healing, astringent, tonic, and appetizer properties. The fleshy petals are eaten as raw or cooked and country spirit known as Gapai is made from flowers which are a favorite drink of tribal people in India. The oil extracted from seeds is used in cooking, soap making and manufacture of margarine. Flowers are used as sweet, some ethnic food like chapati are prepared by tribal women. Mahua cake is used as manure; it has pesticidal properties.

From investigations it may be concluded that the crude methanolic extracts of M. indica showed analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic effects, similar to those observed for non-steroidal drugs such as phenyl butazone and paracetamol. It is important to point out that the phytochemical analysis showed the presence of flavonoids and this might be responsible for anti-inflammatory and analgesic activity. Further investigations are under process in the laboratory to isolate and characterize the specific active components of the plant extract which is responsible for observed pharmacological actions.

International Journal of Molecular Medicine and Advance Sciences Year: 2010 | Volume: 6 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 26-30 DOI: 10.3923/ijmmas.2010.26.30

Madhuca indica is commonly called Butter tree or Honey tree, which belongs to Sapotaceae family. Madhuca is generally known by the name of Mahua. It has various health benefits. Its bark, flowers, seeds, fruits and heartwood are used for medicinal purposes. The oil obtained from seeds is used as an ointment. The flowers have astringent, healing, appetizer and tonic properties.
The leaves of Mahua tree contains saponin, an alkaloid glucoside. Sapogenin and other basic acid have been found in the seeds. The article discusses about various health benefits of Madhuca indica.
Comparative nutritional constituents of Mohva flowers with other fruits

Per 100g
Apple
Mohva flower (Ripe)
Banana (Ripe)
Mango
Mohva Flower (dry)
Raisins
Moisture*
84.6
73.6
70.1
81
11.61
20.2
Protein*
0.2
1.4
1.2
0.6
6.67
1.8
Fat*
0.5
1.6
0.3
0.4
0.09
0.3
Minerals*
0.3
0.7
0.8
0.4

2
Fibre*
1

0.4
0.7
1.9
1.1
Carbohydrates*
13.4
22.7
27.2
16.9
68
74.6
Energy (Kcal)
59
111
116
74

308
Calcium **
10
45
17
14
139
87
Phosphorus**
14
22
36
16
137
80
Iron **
0.66
0.23
0.36
1.3

7.7
Carotene (ug)
0
307
78
2743

2.4
Thiamine**
-
-
0.05
0.08
0.028
0.07
Riboflavin**
-
-
0.08
0.09
0.87
0.19
Niacin**
0
-
0.5
0.9
4.8
0.07
Citamin C**
1
40
7
16
-
-
Choline**
321
-
-
-
-
-







* -g/100g, **-mg/100g
Source: nutritive value of Indian foods, National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad

Nutritional and medicinal properties:

Review of literature on chemical composition of mohva flower reveals its high nutritional value.  Apart from being a rich source of sugar and protein, the flowers also contain essential minerals like Ca, P, Fe and K. Calcium is the major component of bone and assists in teeth ddevelopment.  Phosphorus is next in importance to calcium as utilization of calcium is closely related to it.  Most of the calcium in the body is deposited as calcium phosphate.  Iron is an essential element for the formation of haemoglobin of red cells of blood.  vitamins like riboflavin and niacin content of the flower is more that that of apple, banana, mango and raisin. riboflavin as a part of a coenzyme is essential for several oxidation processes inside the cell and is concerned with energy and protein metabolism.  Among several B-compled vitamins, riboflavin deficiency is most widespread, particularly among women and children in India, as it is the most limiting of all B-vitamins in cereal-based diet of the poor. Niacin is also an important vitamin intimately connected with several metabolic reactions. Lack of this vitamin in diet leads to the disease pellagra, characterized by soreness of tongue, pigmented skin and diarrhoea.

Health Benefits of Madhuca
Madhuca has following health benefits:
Bronchitis
– Flowers of Madhuca are used to treat chronic bronchitis problem. Flowers are also used in treatment of cough.
Orchitis (Testis inflammation)
- Madhuca leaves are boiled and used for relief from orchitis.
Rheumatism
– A decoction is prepared by boiling bark in water and taken internally to get relief from rheumatism. Oil obtained from seeds can also be applied on the affected areas.
Diabetes
– Bark decoction is proven to be effective for cure of diabetes.
Piles
– Oil extracted from seeds have laxative properties, which helps cure chronic constipation and piles.
Eczema
– Madhuca leaves are effective in treatment of eczema. The leaves coated with sesame oil is heated over fire and applied on the affected area to get relief from eczema.
Gums
– 4 ml of the liquid extract obtained from bark is mixed with 300 ml of water is used as a gargle to get relief from spongy and bleeding gums.
Tonsillitis
– The above preparation is also used for cure of chronic and acute tonsillitis and pharyngitis.
Burns
– Leaves ash is mixed with ghee and is used for cure of scalds and burns. To get relief from itching, bark paste is applied locally.
Lactation
– Madhuca flowers are used to increase the milk production in feeding mothers. Seeds also have the same property.
The above are some of the health benefits of Madhuca indica.
Source: ayurveda.ygoy.com/2010/08/18/madhuca-indica-uses
Medicinal uses:
A handful of dried corollas are heated gently then spread on the abscess and bandaged.  A cup decoction of dried petals is given in case of dysuria.  Wine prepared from fermented petals is given to ladies during child delivery.  It is also administered for cold and cough.
Other uses:
Petals are eaten either fresh, dried or parched. Dried petals are mixed in flour while making bread. Mohva flowers are a rich source of wholesome nutrition and can be utilized as a food supplement (after suitable post harvest processing) especially for the malnourished people in rural areas.

Seeds (Kernels)
Medicinal Uses: Kernel Oil is administered to bullocks and buffaloes for better digestion. Seed powder is applied to infants for clear motions if they have constipation trouble.  Seed powder is smelt in hysteria and it is homogenized with cow ghee and taken orally for throat infection.  Few drops of juice, obtained by rubbing the germinated seeds in water, are dropped into nose for chronic headache.

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