Thursday, April 3, 2014

The fate of TAANI Kaya (Terminalia bellerica) NTFP

The fate of TAANI Kaya (Terminalia bellerica): This fruit is one of the ingredient of TRIFALA CHURNA (USIRI,KARAKA AND TANI). Medicinally this fruit has rich value. We have number of trees in our natural forests. Tribal women used to collect these fruits upto 2000 and sale them to GCC. Now no one is collecting THANI kaya because of low price. This year one NGO proposed to collect it through community members with Rs.12/- per kg. But, the local community getting Rs.150/- or more for 2 hours of work under Mahatma Gandhi National Employment Guarantee Act.  At last the staff of the NGO them self collected minimum targeted quantity of Taani fruit to claim their salaries. Once, we asked in Vizag to know price the shop owner told that Rs.80/-Kg. He offerd Rs.18/- if we supply the fruit. However now all the Thani fruits are burning in the forests. No community women is interested to collect. 

Ministry of Tribal Affairs (Govt of India) issued Guidelines of the Scheme in Jan, 2014 'Mechanism for marketing of Minor Forest Produce (MFP) through Minimum Support Price (MSP) and Development of value Chain for MFP' as a measure of social safety for MFP gatherers. Terminalia bellerica is not listed in the selected 12 MFP by Government of India.following 12 MFP for which gatherers have been vested full ownership right u/s 3(i) cc of FRA 2006.:
1. Lac (Kerria lacca) 2. Chironjee (Buchanania lanzan) 3. Wild Honey (Apis dorsetta,A.cerana,A.floera, Trigona spp 4. Karanj Seed (Pongamia pinnata) 5. Mahuwa Seed (Madhucaindica M.latifolia M. longifolia) 6. Sal Seed (Shorea robusta) 7. Sal Leaf (Shorea robusta) 8. Tamarind (Tamarindus indica) 9. Gum Karaya (Sterculia urens) 10. Myrobalan (Terminalia chebula) 11. Tendu (Diaspyros melonoxylon) 12. Bamboo (All species of Bamboos)

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